“When it comes to climate change, the agreement still contains many of the same defects of the original Nafta I voted against,” Schumer said in a statement Thursday. Katherine Lugar, President and CEO of the American Beverage Association: “The U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement is a milestone in strengthening our people, our country and our neighbors. The beverage industry employs more than 264,000 hard-working Americans, contributes $189 billion in direct economic benefits and offers $20.8 billion in wages and benefits. On behalf of U.S. beverage leaders, we commend government and congressional leaders for their commitment to creating a more prosperous perspective for our industry and the communities we serve – and we call on Congress to review and quickly pass this trade agreement. Governor Mike Parson (R-MO): “We have strong multi-party support across the Midwest for the USMCA. This common-sense trade agreement will help Missouri farmers and our agricultural industry. The policy must be set aside to block this agreement for the future of American agriculture. U.S. President Donald Trump warned on September 25 that an impeachment investigation against him could derail the USMCA`s approval by Congress, which could drag the Mexican peso and the stock market down, as investors flee riskier assets.  Gov. Mike DeWine (R-OH): “It`s great to see #USMCA advance and the U.S. House of Representatives held a vote.
This trade agreement will stimulate our economy and benefit #Ohio companies exporting to Canada and Mexico. In addition to the original NAFTA provisions, the USMCA borrows significant credits under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreements and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its willingness to implement the agreement and joined Canada.  The agreement came into force on July 1, 2020.     On December 19, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the USMCA with multi-party support by 385 votes (Democrats 193, Republicans 192) to 41 (Democracy 38, Republicans 2, 1).  On January 16, 2020, the U.S. Senate passed the trade agreement by 89 votes (Democrats 38, Republicans 51) to 10 (Democracy 8, Republican 1, Independent 1) and the bill was forwarded to the White House for the signature of Donald Trump.
 On January 29, 2020, Trump signed the agreement (Public Law No: 116-113).  NAFTA has been formally amended, but not the 1989 Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, which is only “suspended.”   The USMCA is expected to have a very small impact on the economy.  An International Monetary Fund (IMF) discussion paper published at the end of March 2019 stated that the agreement would have a “negligible” impact on the general economy.   The IMF study predicted that the USMCA “would have a negative impact on trade in the automotive, textile and clothing sectors, while achieving modest welfare gains, mainly due to improved access to the goods market, with a negligible impact on real GDP.”  The IMF study found that the economic benefits of the USMCA would be greatly enhanced if Trump`s trade war ended (i.e., the United States would lower tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Canada and Mexico, and that Canada and Mexico lowering retaliatory duties on imports from the United States)  Michael, President and CEO of the International Dairy Foods Association: What a great day for the U.S. dairy industry and for the entire U.S. agriculture. With a good track record of the USMCA agreement, the U.S. dairy industry expects a bright future and sustained growth through exports to Canada and Mexico. Once ratified, the new USMCA agreement also provides calm to our businesses and removes the handcuffs of the uncertainty that has limited business decisions over the past two years during the negotiation of the agreement. The agreement is the result of a renegotiation between the Member States of the Free-Escape Agreement